Tin has been used by humans for thousands of years.

Its most famous use – in tin cans – started thanks to Napoleon Bonaparte in the 1800s. The fact that tin does not corrode in air or water makes it ideal for storing food. At one point, over forty million tin cans were produced every year, but use of aluminum and other types of containers have reduced this number.

Today, there are many other uses of tin, including window glass, electronics and auto parts.

Here is everything you ever wanted to know about … TIN!

FAST FACTS!

  • Tin is a soft, pliable, silvery-white metal.
  • Tin is called the ‘spice element’ because a little of it is present everywhere in ways that are essential to our quality of life.
  • Tin has been used by humans for thousands of years. Tin has been found in implements from as early as 3500 B.C. and tin is even mentioned several times in the Old Testament in the Bible.
  • The tin can had its origins in the perennial problem of how to feed an on-the-move army. Napoleon Bonaparte offered a reward in 1795 to anyone who could come up with a way to preserve food for military use. In 1810, French chef Nicolas Appert won the 12,000-franc prize by inventing canning — the process of sealing food or drink in a jar or bottle with the use of boiling water. This discovery cleared the way for the invention of the tin can only a year later. In 1810, British merchant Peter Durand got a patent for using tinplated steel to can food. Tin resists corrosion, making it an ideal covering for relatively cheap steel. 
  • The tin can’s heyday ended in the mid-20th century when Coors Brewery introduced the first aluminum can. Cheaper, lighter and recyclable, aluminum rapidly overtook tin and steel. 
  • Early craftsmen found tin too soft to work with, but when it was alloyed with copper, bronze was formed.
  • Those gold Oscar statuettes aren't solid gold. They're actually Britannia metal plated with gold. And Britannia metal is made of approximately 92 percent tin (the rest is copper and antimony).
  • Pewter, another alloy made of mostly tin with copper and lead, came into use shortly after the Bronze Age. Pewter is about 85% tin. Nova Scotia has several well-known pewter manufacturers and stores.
  • Foil made from a thin leaf of tin was commercially available before its aluminium counterpart. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, tin foil was in common use, and some people continue to refer to the new product by the name of the old one. Tin foil is stiffer than aluminium foil.
  • When tin is bent at room temperature, it makes a high-pitched creaking sound known as the "tin cry," caused by the deformation of tin crystals.

Oscar statues aren’t solid gold – they are actually mostly tin. (Photo credit: http://www.oscars.org/oscars/statuette)

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